Who Invented the First Camera in the World? History Of First Camera in the World - Biography of Abu 'Ali Al-Hasan bin Al-Haytham
Who Invented the First Camera in the World? History Of First Camera in the World. Abu 'Ali Al-Hasan bin Al-Haytham, Scientist mostly mentions with Ibn Al-Haytham or Ibn Haytham or also Al-Hazen. He was born in Basra, Iraq in 965 AD, known as Polymath, a term given to those who mastered various fields of science. She was the middle eastern Muslim who invented the first Camera in the World.
The word camera used today comes from the Arabic language, namely qamara, the term appears thanks to al-Haitham's hard work. The father of modern physics was born with the name al-Haitham and known genius since childhood, He took his first education in his native land. As an adult he pioneered his career as a government employee in Basra. However, Al-Haitham is more interested in learning than being a government employee. After that, he wandered to Ahwaz and the intellectual metropolis of the world at that time ie the city of Baghdad. In both cities he draws a variety of knowledge. His high scientific passion brought him wandering up to Egypt.
Al-Haitham was educated at the University of al-Azhar founded Fatimid Caliphate. After that, self-taught to learn independently to master a variety of disciplines such as astronomy, mathematics, geometry, medicine, physics and philosophy. But seriously he studied and studied the ins and outs of optical science. Various theories about optical science have been born and triggered. He was the first person to write and discover important data about light. It is said that he has written no less than 200 titles. Unfortunately, there is little left. Even his monumental work, Kitab al-Manazhir, is no longer known to exist. One can only study the translation written in Latin.
The camera was first created by Iraqi scientists who were also Muslim; he is Abu'Ali Al-Hasan bin Al-Haytham. Scientists mostly mention with Ibn Al-Haytham or Ibn Haytham or also Al-Hazen.
He was born in Basra, Iraq in 965 AD His expertise on bringing science to Egypt to keep searching and studying and eventually stop at Al-Azhar. He is also known as Polymath, a term given to those who master various fields of science.
History records that Al-Hazen is a scientist who mastered various disciplines, among them are astronomy, Mathematics, geometry, medicine, Physics as well as philosophy. As well as optical disciplines that make him create a camera.
Achievement is not just a camera creator. But still many of his works either in the form of books or also goods that inspired many for scientists afterwards.
The scientist who was dubbed the "First Scientist" created this phenomenal discovery in 1020 AD in Al-Azhar Egypt. And 19 years after his discovery he died in the same city, Egypt in know 1039 AD
And the camera or camera was also inspired from the discovery of Al-hazen, because he himself gave the name for his creation tool with the word "Qumroh". Derived from the word "Qomar" in Arabic which means the Moon.
how the camera obscura works
His work is inspired by the moon itself. The first Qumroh was a small room with all its corners sealed with no light at all, just a small hole in front of it. And with that hole the light will come in and then save the shadow that is reflected by the light into qumroh in which already provided media to store the shadow.
So it's like the moon, which he shines amid the darkness. Even so qumroh is dark then there is a small light that enters into it and keep the object carried by the light.
Al-Haitham's most illuminated masterpiece is a very inspiring discovery by al-Haithan with Kamaluddin al-Farisi. Both managed to research and record the phenomenon of camera obscura. The discovery originated when they studied the solar eclipse. To study the phenomenon of the eclipse, Al-Haitham creates a small hole in the wall that allows a semi-real sun image to be projected over a flat surface.
The study of optical science in the form of camera obscura that is the underlying performance of cameras currently used by humans. By Webster's dictionary, this phenomenon is literally interpreted as "dark space". The world recognizes al-Haitham as a pioneer in the field of famous optics through his book titled Kitab al-Manazir (Optical Book). To prove the theories in his book, the legendary Muslim physicist then compiled Al-Bayt Al-Muzlim or better known as the camera obscura, or darkroom.
Many of these works from Al-Hazen provide inspiration and authorized capital for scientists thereafter. One of the most famous is the book called "Al-Manazhir", Westerners call it "The Optics".
The Optics, which holds many theories of light and lens science, are also widely used in European universities and even compulsory materials on many campuses in Europe.
This is also a rebuttal to those who always think that Islam is a backward and backward religion, does not support science and science. But history says otherwise.
History has been a witness that Islam is a religion that supports the full advance of ilu and technology. Noted many scientists who emerged from among Muslims in various fields of Science. AL-Hazen is just one of them.
After the discovery of this phenomenal al-Haitham, the western world began to be inspired and introduced in the 16th century AD, successive western scientists inspired by the discovery of al-Haitham Cardano Geronimo (1501 -1576), who influenced the thought of al-Haitham began to replace lens aperture with lens (camera). Giovanni Batista della Porta (1535-1615 AD). Johannes Kepler (1571 - 1630 AD). Kepler enhances the camera's functionality by using a negative lens behind the positive lens, thus enlarging the image projection (the principle used in the world of modern long-distance photo lenses).
After that, Robert Boyle(1627-1691 AD), began to construct a small, cordless camera, the kind of camera box obscura in 1665 AD After 900 years of al-Haitham's discovery the first photo plates were used permanently to capture the images produced by the camera obscura . The first permanent photo was taken by Joseph Nicephore Niepce in France in 1827. In 1855, Roger Fenton used a negative glass plate to take a picture of the British army during the Crimean War and developed the plates in the journey of his converted dark-room convertible. Then in 1888, George Eastman developed the working principle of the camera obscura creation al-Hitham very well. Eastman created a kodak camera. Since then, the camera continues to change following the development of technology.