Who Invented The First Computer? History Of First Computer - Biography of Charles Babbage

Charles Babbage - Inventor of the First Computer. Charles Babbage was a British mathematician who first brought up the idea of ​​a programmable computer, he was born December 26, 1792. Parts of the machine he developed now can be seen at the London Science Museum. In 1991, using the original plan of Babbage, a differential machine was developed and the machine was perfectly functional, proving that Babbage's idea of ​​the machine could indeed be implemented.

Before the invention of calculating machines, calculations using mathematical tables often experience errors. In order to reduce the miscalculations that are often done by humans, Babbage is eager to develop a way of doing calculations mechanically. At that time, Babbage got inspiration from the development of calculating machine worked by Wilhelm Schickard, Blaise Pascal, and Gottfried Leibniz . The original idea of ​​the Babbage machine was written in the form of a letter he wrote to the Royal Astronomical Society entitled "Note on the application of machinery to the computation of astronomical and mathematical tables" dated June 14, 1822 . 

Charles Babbage

History of Computersbegins when British inventor Charles Babbage completed the general principles of general digital computer usage a century before the massive development of electronic counting machines took place. The machine he designed, which he called the "analytical engine" was essentially capable of carrying on anything a modern calculator could do (though not as fast, since the "analyst machine" was not designed to be electrically powered). Unfortunately, since 19th-century technology was not advanced enough, Babbage was unable to complete the construction of the "analyst machine", but it could not help but cost time. After his death, his brilliant ideas were almost forgotten.

In 1937 Howard H. Aiken, a Harvard scholar interested in Babbage's writings. Aiken, who is also trying to complete the design of a computer machine, is moved by Babbage's idea. In collaboration with IBM, Aiken was able to create Mark I, the first computer for all purposes. Two years after Mark I was operated (1946), a group of engineers and other inventors completed ENIAC, the first electronic counting machine. Since then, advances in computer technology has grown tremendously. 

Counting machines have such great influence in the world, and will become even more important in the future, Babbage's contribution to computer development is no greater than Aiken or John Mauchly and JO Eckert (the key figure in the design of ENIAC). On that basis there are at least three Babbage predecessors (Blaise Pascal,Gottfried Leibniz and Joseph Marie Jacquard) have made a donation equivalent to Babbage. Pascal, a French mathematician, philosopher and scientist invented the mechanical summing machine of 1642.
The old computer
The old computer

In 1671 Gottfired Wilhelm Von Leibniz , a philosopher and mathematician designed a machine that can add, subtract, multiply and divide. Leibniz was also the first to point out the significance of the "binary system," a sum system with two "digits" that in modern times are widely used in computer machines. And another Frenchman, Jacquard, who at the beginning of the 19th century had used a computer charging system to keep an eye on the loom. Jacquard looms that are commercially successful, have a major influence on Babbage's thinking. It might also affect Herman Hollerith, an American who in the late 19th century used a computer filling system to create columns of data in the Census Bureau.

Charles Babbage died October 18, 1871 at the age of 79, leaving the child; Benjamin Herschel Babbage (1815), Charles Whitmore Babbage (1817), Edward Stewart Babbage (1819), Francis Moore Babbage (1821) Forbes Babbage (1827), Timothy grant Babbage (1829).

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