Who Invented the Electricity? History Of Electricity - Biography of Michael Faraday
Who Invented the Electricity? History Of Electricity - Michael Faraday is a British scientist who earned the nickname "Father of Electricity", because thanks to his efforts electricity into technology that much point. Faraday, born September 22, 1791, has studied various fields of science, including electromagnetism and electrochemistry. He also invented a tool that would later become a Bunsen burner, which is used in almost all science labs as a practical heat source. Because of his many discoveries related to electricity or electricity some people call him "Electric Inventors"
The effect of magnetism leads him to discover the ideas on which the theory of magnetic fields is based. He gave many lectures to popularize science to the general public.
Biography Michael Faraday
Birthplace Michael Faraday is Newington Butts, London, United Kingdom. His family moved to London in the winter of 1790. And in the spring of that year Faraday was born. Faraday is the third child of 4 siblings who only had a formal education. At the age of 14 he was an apprentice as a salesman and bookbinder. For seven years, working as a salesman and bookbinder gave him plenty of opportunities to read many books and it was at this time that he developed his curiosity with Science.
The apprenticeship activity as a seller and bookbinder stopped him at the age of 20 and attended the lecture delivered by Humpry Davy . From there he got in touch with Davy and eventually became an assistant Davy when the scientist was disturbed in his vision due to nitrogen trichloride. And this is where he finally started his remarkable life story.
The Achievement of Scientific
While assisting Humphry Davy , Faraday began his work on Chemistry. He managed to find chlorine and carbon substances. It also succeeded in liquefying some of the gas, investigating the steel mixture and making some new types of glass intended for optical purposes. Faraday was the first to discover Bunsen Burner. Which has now been used extensively throughout the world.
Faraday is extensively working on chemical fields. Find other chemicals Benzene and melt chlorine gas. Chlorine gas liquefaction aims to establish that the gas is a vapor of liquid having a low boiling point and provides a more definite basic concept of molecular collection. It has also determined the composition of chlorine clathrate hydrate. Faraday was the inventor of the Law of Electrolysis and popularized the terms anode, cathode, electrode and ion. He was also the first to learn about metal nanoparticles.
Electricity and Magnetism
Thanks to his work on the electrical and magnetic Faraday became famous. His first experiment was to construct a voltaic pile with 7 half cents, stacked together with 7 sheets of zinc and six sheets of salt water. With this construction he managed to decipher magnesium sulphate.
In 1821 Hans Christian Ørstedpublicize the phenomenon of electromagnetism. From here Faraday then began research that aims to create a tool that can produce "electromagnetic rotation". One of the tools he succeeded in creating was a homopolar motor, in this tool there was a continuous circular motion generated by the magnetic force of the magnet surrounding the extended cable into the puddle of mercury where previously a magnet had been placed in the puddle, the cable would rotate around magnet when electrified from battery. This discovery is the basis of current electromagnetic technology.
Faraday made a new breakthrough as he wrapped two separate spindle coils and found that the first coil would be passed by the current, while the second coil was loaded by the current. This is what is now known as mutual induction. The results of this experiment resulted in that "a change in magnetic field could produce an electric field" which was then modeled mathematically by James Clerk Maxwell and known as Faraday's Law.
In 1845 Faraday discovered that many materials exhibit a weak rejection of an electric field. It was this event that he named Diagmatism. Faraday also found that the polarized plane of linearly polarized light can be rotated by the application of an external magnetic field in the direction of the light. This is called Faraday Effect.
Then in 1862, Faraday used a spectroscope to look for differences in light changes, changes from the spectral lines by applying a magnetic field. But the equipment he used at the time was not enough, so it was not enough to determine the spectrum changes that occurred. Later this research was continued by Peter Zeeman then he published the results in 1897 and received the Nobel Prize in physics in 1902 thanks to the Refrensi from Faraday.
Michael Faraday died on August 25, 1867 when he was 75 years old, thanks to his services and inventions, making benefits to mankind to this day.