Who Invented The Diesel Engine? History Of Diesel Engine - Biography of Rudolf Christian Karl

Who Invented The Diesel Engine? History Of Diesel Engine - Biography of Rudolf Christian Karl. Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel Diesel is a German inventor, famous for his invention, diesel engine, born in Paris and mysteriously died on a ferry ship on his way to England. Diesel was born in Paris, France on 18 March 1858 and died on September 30, 1913 at the age of 55 years. 

In the last decade of the 19th century Diesel developed the idea of ​​a compression-triggering machine and received a patent for the device on February 23, 1893. He built a working prototype in early 1897 while working at the MAN plant in Augsburg. Diesel engine is also named to honor his services. Originally the machine was named "engine oil". 


Rudolf Diesel was born to a German family of leather craftsmen. Since childhood, he was known as a genius. At around the age of 20, in 1870, Diesel received a bronze medal prize from the Société Pour L'Instruction Elémentaire, for some of his brilliant scientific work. However, in the same year, the Diesel family was forced to leave Paris because of the French government's new policy at that time about foreign immigrants. 
Rudolf Diesel

Diesel's father failed to obtain a resident permit in France. They left and moved to London, England. Only briefly there, Rudolf then set out on his own to Augsburg, Germany, to continue his studies and live with his uncle and aunts who also teach as teachers at Gewerbsschule. Soon the German-French War erupted.

In 1872, Rudolf became known and recognized as a reliable mechanical candidate. He finished his school at Gewerbsschule as one of the best graduates, then proceeded to the Polytechnic of the Kingdom of Bavaria in Munich. The German-French War was over and for the first time he was able to gather and meet again with his family in Paris. 


In 1879, Rudolf was unable to take his final exam of scholarship, suffering from dengue fever. But during his lectures in Munich, he carved out many brilliant accomplishments, among others, in 1878, with his professor, successfully designing a blueprint of the steam enginewith the highest efficiency ever to date. He also began writing several papers and published to the public. Immediately after recovering, Rudolf chose instead to start work as a mechanic at Sulzer's company in Winterthour, developing an ice machine.

In 1880, Rudolf successfully completed his final bachelor's exam as a mechanical engineer, and became the best graduate ever produced by the Munich Polytechnic Institute throughout its history to date. After graduation, he decided to move to settle in Paris and set up a branch of the ice machine company there. He is willing to work unpaid. But a year later, in 1881, the company appointed him to the factory director in Paris, this year he met first with Heinrich Buz, Augsburger Machinery Director, and they agreed to test and develop a clear ice-machining system. That same year Rudolf received his first patent certificate upon his invention of producing claret in a bottle.

In 1883, Rudolf began building a large ice factory in Paris. A year later, the ammonia machine development plan was started. In 1886, the factory expanded its wings to Belgium. In 1887, the idea of ​​an ammonia-absorbing machine for medium-sized enterprise needs began to materialize. It was at this point that Rudolf proved the theory of electromagnetic waves at high rotations per second. In 1889, Rudolf attended an industrial engineering exhibition in Paris, showing off his ice and cooling machine. Rudolf then gave a public lecture at an international congress on applied machines. He received a rousing welcome and the Lindes company immediately offered him a contract of employment based in Berlin since 1890. 

The invention of the Diesel Engine

Diesel engine
In 1892, Rudolf received his patent for discovering the workings of internal combustion engines. Rudolf immediately started his big project developing what was later known as a diesel engine. And on August 10, 1893, Rudolf also managed to realize his dream that the creation of the first diesel engine in the world. Upon his discovery, he obtained patent number 608845. In the same year published his book entitled "Theory and Construction of A Rational Heat Engine for Substitution of the Steam Engines and that Today Admitted Combustion Engines", through the publisher Springer, Berlin. At the same time, Rudolf signed a contract with Augusburger, Krupp and Sulzer, while publishing the next book, "Nachtraege for the Theory og the Diesel Engine".

Diesel engine

The early prototype of the machine was exhibited at the Chicago Fair, USA and received a pretty good reception. He continued his experiment. In 1895, the Patent Commission authorized that its machine was indeed working well. He moved to Munich, in 1896. Until the beginning of the following year (1897), he completed his advanced plan with four steps (4 stroke). But the company Deutz AG tried to match it. Krupp endorses Rudolf, who eventually spawned an agreement between Deutz, Krupp and Augsburger to help Rudolf perform a series of advanced experiments to refine his invention engine.

That year was a busy year for Rudolf. He traveled to Scotland, then to Paris to make an airplane, signed a contract with Adolphus-shrubs, and then demonstrated his example of a machine in public in Augsburg. Then gave a public lecture in Kassel, inaugurated a diesel engine society community in Paris, but also faced a lawsuit over his patent by Emil Captaine. Even had a loss in laboratory testing. However, the diesel engine plant in Augsburg was finally built in 1898. Four examples of production machines were initially exhibited at Munich's Pekar raya and he successfully completed the first diesel engine with a compressor for the Deutz AG company. The trials come again. He had entered a mental hospital in Neuwittelsbach, Muenchen. But the first diesel engine plant in America was completed that year. Trials come on. In the following year 1899 The first factory in Augsburg was closed for failing to reach the production target targets. However, that same year the diesel engine was first used in the oil drilling field at Gailizien. He gets sick more often.

In the 20th century, precisely in 1900, the first diesel engine plant in London was inaugurated. The demonstration of the machine at the Paris fair earned special attention and earned the grand prize. As he became ill more often, he moved to a fresher settlement in Munich in 1901. With much rest, he wrote and published a new, more philosophical rather than technical book entitled "Solidarismus: natürliche wirtschaftliche Erlösung der Menschen", in 1903, which shows clearly his basic attitudes and views as a genius engineer who is also concerned with social and environmental issues.

In 1905, the diesel engine began to be used as a train engine. And the peak of his achievements in 1910 when he appeared at the Paris fair with the design of a diesel engine powered by peanut oil and g4nj4 oil.

Two years later (1912) when he received his patent on his new machine, the world recorded his most historic statement about the future of a machine run on biofuel oil now known as biodiesel: "Der Gebrauch von Pflanzenöl als Krafstoff mag heute unbedeuntend sein . Aber derartige Produkte können im Laufe der Zeit obenso wichtig werden wie Petroleum und diese Kohle-Teer-Produkte von heute. " (The use of vegetable oil as a fuel for the present seems insignificant, but in time it will be important, as well as petroleum and coal products today). Biodiesel engine was refined again by Ludwig Elsbett. 

On September 29, 1913, Diesel went with Dresden in Antwerp on a trip to meet the Consolidated Diesel Manufacturing company in London. He dined on the boat and then rested in his cabin at 10 pm, for the next day was woken up at 6.15 am. His cabin was found empty the next day, and he was never found alive again. The search inside his cabin found that Diesel's mattress had never been slept even though his watch was still left there. His hat and jacket were found neatly folded in railing.

Ten days later, the Dutch-flagged crew found a person floating in the North Sea near Norway. The body of the person has decayed so that it is difficult to recognize. Even so, the crew of the ship got some personal objects carried by the person (wallet, identity card, folding knife, sunglasses). On October 13th, these objects were recognized by Rudolf's son, Eugene Diesel, as his father's.

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