Different Approaches to Treat Dog Allergies
"Pet Allergies in general affect nearly one people in seven as reported by Discovery Health. There are more individuals having cat allergies compared to dog allergies, even though the latter forms are quite common as well. Fur may seem to trigger allergy, yet skin cells shed by dogs, called dander, are a cause of allergic reaction to humans. These negative immunological responses range through sneezing, watery eyes, rashes and severe asthma. Alternative treatments are available also, apart from opting to avoid dogs altogether.
Dog dander triggers reaction of a histamine in susceptible individuals. Antihistamines relieve symptoms occasioned by histamine reaction, like coughing, sneezing, itching, watery and red eyes, hives, runny nose and swelling. Antihistamines are available in various injective, oral, eye drop and nasal forms and may cause drowsiness in patients.
Dog allergies lead to severe asthma with certain persons. The bronchial tubes supplying air to lungs swell up in such cases, therefore complicating respiration. Bronchodilators are fast-acting medications that quickly dilate these tubes in acute attacks of asthma. Certain medications get inhaled using metered dose inhaler, delivering precise concentrations of medication. There are others which get administered orally or via mask. Severe to acute asthmatic reactions necessitate emergency medical intervention using bronchodilators.
Medication that is anti-inflammatory aids in preventing inflammation plus swelling due to decreasing capacity of bronchial tube. Corticosteroids, whether these are oral, injected or inhaled, may as well aid in reducing inflammation plus swelling within lungs, facilitating persons affected to get sufficient air. Corticosteroids can be taken on regular basis in order to prevent attacks of asthma, or be utilized in acute attacks.
Persons with allergies which are severe or cannot avoid exposure to dogs could decide to go through immunotherapy. This alleviative process comprises of allergy injections, which do not present quick fix treatments but function in gradual manner, desensitizing the patient to dog dander. They may require being taken for between three to five years in order to induce effects for the long term, warns the Health System of Michigan University.
Allergy shots do not cure allergies but rather only reduce allergenic sensitivity. When shots stop, allergy may reappear, even though the window period for symptoms to reoccur can differ with different people. Dog allergies originate from immunological reactions to the proteins found within their excretions and dander. All warm-blooded animals shed dander, or dead skin cells and these tiny particles can circulate within air thus occasioning symptoms of allergy in individuals inhaling them."