Who Invented The Internet? History Of Internet - Biography of Leonard Kleinrock

Who Invented The Internet? History Of Internet - Biography of Leonard Kleinrock- An engineer and scientist of the United States called the Father of the Internet, Leonard Kleinrock, He made important contributions to several areas of computer networks , especially for the theoretical side of computer networks, besides He is known for its contribution in the world of networking. 

Leonard Kleinrock is famous for his significant work of packet exchange theory through his paper in 1959 and on the exchange of packages in relation to the technology package in 1961.
Leonard Kleinrock

He created one of the greatest inventions of the modern age of the Internet that inadvertently solved the digital code and made it as separate packages. On October 29, 1969. Leonard Kleinrock was one of the pioneers of the digital communication network, and helped build the ARPANET. 

Education and Career 

Kleinrock was born in New York City, New York, USA, June 13, 1934. He graduated from the Bronx High School of Science in 1951 and received a Bachelor Degree in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science in 1957 from City College of New York. In 1959 and 1963, he earned a master's and doctorate (Ph.D.) degree in electrical engineering and computer science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. After finishing his education he later joined the faculty at the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), the School of Engineering and Applied Science where he worked there as a computer science professor. 

ARPANET and Internet
The room on the campus of the University of California Los Angeles, the birthplace of the Internet (gizmodo)

The room on the campus of the University of California Los Angeles, the birthplace of the Internet (gizmodo).The first message ARPANET was sent by UCLA, student programmer Charley Kline, at 10:30 pm, October 29, 1969 from boelter Hall 3420. He was mentored by Kleinrock. Kline is transmitted from Sigma SDS Computer University to Stanford. The two letters LO are typed on a keyboard at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), and appear on screen at the Stanford Research Institute, 314 miles away. Computer scientists intend to LOGIN instructions, but this connection disappears just before G.

In 1988, Kleinrock was chairman of the National Research Network group for the US Congress. This report is very influential and is used to develop the Computing High Performance Act of 1991 which is influential in the development of the Internet as it is known today. Funding from the bill was used in the development of the 1993 Mosaic web browser, at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA). 

Now this Internet technology comes as a multifunctional media. Communication via the Internet can be done interpesonally (eg e-mail and chat) or massively for example mailing list. The Internet is also able to present in real time audio visual as in the conventional method with the application of teleconference.

In addition to using a PC (Personal Computer), we can also access the Internet via Mobile (HP) using a facility called GPRS (General Packet Radio Service). GPRS is one of the standard wireless communication (wireless) that has a connection speed of 115 kbps and supports wider applications (graphics and multimedia). GPRS technology is accessible that supports the facility. The GPRS settings on the phone depend on the operator used. The cost of Internet access is calculated through the amount of capacity (per-kilobyte) downloaded. 

Use of the Internet in public places

Internet also more populer in public. Some public places that provide Internet services include libraries, and Internet cafe / cafe (also called Cyber ​​Cafe). There is also a public place that provides Internet access centers, such as Internet Kiosks, Public Access Terminals, and Web Phones . 

There are also shops that provide wi-fi access, such as Wifi-cafe. Users only need to carry a laptop (notebook), or PDA, which has wifi capability to gain Internet access. 


Leonard Kleinrock has received many awards. He was elected to receive the prestigious award of the National of Science, a nation's scientific honor, from President George W. Bush at the White House on September 29, 2008. The 2007 National Medal of Science awarded a fundamental contribution to the modern mathematical data network theory, and for packet switching functional specifications, which are the basis of the internet generation mentoring technology. (From indonesian Wikipedia, free encyclopedia)

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