Who Invented The Dynamite? History Of Dynamite - Biography of Alfred Nobel

Alfred Nobel - Inventor of dynamite. Alfred Bernhard Nobel is a Swedish chemist, engineer, and businessman who invented dynamite. In his will, he dedicates his fortune to make the Nobel Prize. Alfred was born in Stockholm, Sweden, October 21, 1833 and died at Norra begravningsplatsen, Stockholm, December 10, 1896 at the age of 63. Alfred married Bertha von Suttner, his former secretary. Bertha is a peace movement activist who wrote the book "Throw Your Weapon". 


Alfred's father was named Immanuel Nobel and his mother was Andriette Ahlsell Nobel. Alfred's father was an engineer and inventor; he built bridges, buildings, and experimented in various ways in stone blasting. Alfred has two older brothers, Robert (born 1829) and Ludvig (born 1831).
Alfred Nobel

Along with Alfred's birth, his father's business was losing money and shutting down. In 1837, Immanuel Nobel decided to seek his fate wherever and move to Finland and Russia. Alfred's mother stayed in Stockholm looking after his family. Alfred's mother who came from a wealthy family began to open a grocery store. From there he can support his family. 

Imannuel Nobel's Business in St. Petersburg Petersburg, Russia began to climb. He has opened a machine shop that supplies equipment for Russian soldiers. Having succeeded in Russia, Imannuel moved his family to St. Petersburg. Petersburg (1842). 

Travel abroad

Alfred speaks fluent and writes in Swedish, Russian, French, English and German. Alfred is very interested in the fields of language, chemistry, and physics. His father wanted him to follow in his footsteps and did not appreciate Alfred's talent in poetry. He decided to send his son abroad to study and become a chemical engineer. 

In Paris, Alfred worked in the private laboratory of Professor TJ Pelouze, a renowned chemist. There he met the Italian chemist, Ascanio Sobrero. After the first three years, Sobrero has discovered nitroglycerin, a high-explosive fluid, considered too dangerous to use.

Alfred became very interested in nitroglycerin and its use in the construction work. When he returned to Russia after his studies, he worked with his father to develop nitroglycerin as a commercial and technical useful explosive. 

Back to Sweden

After the Crimean War ended, Alfred's father's business retreated and he decided to return to Sweden. After the return of the Nobel family to Sweden in 1863, Alfred concentrated on developing nitroglycerin as an explosive. Unfortunately, this experiment caused a catastrophe that killed several people including his sister, Emil. The Swedish government decided to ban this experiment within the city limits of Stockholm. Alfred did not stop and continue his experiment on a barge over Lake Mälaren. In 1864, he could start mass-producing nitroglycerin, but he did not stop experiments with various additives to secure production. 

Dynamite discovery

Through his experiments Alfred found that the nitroglycerin mixture with Kieselguhr's fine soil would convert the liquid into a moldable paste into the stem, which was then inserted in the borehole. This discovery occurred in 1866. Alfred obtained a patent on this material the following year. He named it dynamite. He also invented detonators or explosive plugs that could be lit with axis light. 

The discovery was made when the diamond drill crown and wind drill began to be used in general. Used together, these inventions help to reduce the loss of many construction works such as drilling, rock blasting, bridge construction, and so on. 

Making Factory

Dynamite and detonator stoppers sell well in the development industry. Therefore, Alfred can build factories in 90 different places. He lives in Paris but travels frequently to his factories in more than 20 countries. He was once described as "the richest European traveler". He worked intensively in San Remo (Italy), Hamburg (Germany), Ardeer (Scotland), Paris and Sevran (France), Karlskoga and Stockholm (Sweden). He also tried to make rubber and synthetic leather and artificial silk. In addition, he also makes gelatin, balistit, artificial gemstones, and others. Until his death in 1896, he had acquired 355 patents. 

Use of Brutal Weapons and Discovery Theft

At the time he was researching in Paris with one of the young people named Fehrenbach. At that time Nobel had just introduced his new discovery, Smoke Powder. This new find was briefed on how to make it to a person who claimed to be Poltasia. 

After knowing his findings would be used for war purposes the Nobel war was upset because his inventions were not used for peace. Nobel was accused of plagiarizing someone else's Smoke Powder, so he was 2 months in prison and his factory producing Powder Without Smoke was closed. 

After Nobel came out of jail, he decided to research in San Remo. Nobel formed a Committee called the Committee of Gunpowder. One of its members is the English inventor, James Dewar, inventor of the vacuum bottle.

Nobel always announces his findings to the Committee. So, since James is a member of the committee, he knows how to make Powder Without Smoke. So James betrayed his own close friend by creating a patented Powder With Cordite name. Alfred's 

death and Nobel Prize

died in San Remo, Italy on December 10, 1896. In his last testament and testament, he wrote that much of his wealth can be used to reward committees, humanitarian efforts in physics, chemistry, literature, , physiology and medicine. 

Not everyone likes this. His will is challenged by his relatives and questioned by authorities in a number of countries, and takes four years for his supervisors to convince all parties to fulfill Alfred's wishes.

In 1901, the first Nobel prizes in physics, chemistry, literature, physiology and medicine were distributed in Stockholm, Sweden and the Nobel Peace Prize in Kristiania (now Oslo), Norway.

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