Who Invented The Disc Record Gramophone? History Of Disc Record Gramophone - Biography of Emile Berliner
Who Invented The Disc Record Gramophone? History Of Disc Record Gramophone - Biography of Emile Berliner. Emile Berliner or Emil Berliner (May 20, 1851 - August 3, 1929) is an American-born German inventor. He is known for developing a gramofon disc record (phonograph in America). He founded the Berliner Gramophone Company in 1895, The Gramophone Company in London, England, in 1897, Deutsche Grammophon in Hanover, Germany, in 1898 and the Berliner Gram-o-phone Company of Canada in Montreal in 1899 (rented in 1904 ).
Life and work
Berliner was born in Hanover, Germany, in 1851 in a Jewish merchant family. Despite being raised in the Jewish family, he later became an agnostic. He completed his apprenticeship to become a trader, like a family tradition. While the hobby is actually.
Born: May 20, 1851 Hanover, Hanover Kingdom
Died: August 3, 1929 (age 78)
Rest: Rock Creek Cemetery
Nationality: Germany, America
Known: Record Disc
Couple: Cora Adler (1862-1942), m. 1881
Henry Berliner, Oliver Berliner (1887-1894)
Parents : Samuel and Sarah Fridman Berliner
In 1870 Berliner migrated to America Serika with a friend of his father. He moved to New York and lived on a temporary job, such as going to the paper route and cleaning the bottle. he studied physics at night at the Cooper Union Institute. After some time working on stable livery, he became interested in new audio technology from phone and record, and found a telephone transmitter to repair (one of the first microphones).
Patents are acquired by Bell Telephone Company. However, on February 27, 1901 the Court, when appealed to the United States Court stated that his patent was nullified. In 1877 Berliner then moved to Boston and worked for Bell Telephone until 1883, when he returned to Washington and proved himself to be a private researcher. Emile Berliner became a United States citizen in 1881.
The discovery of a gramophone
In 1886 Berliner started experimenting with sound recording methods. He patented the "gramophon" in 1887. The first gramophon was recorded using a horizontal modulation sound on the cylinder coated with low resistance material such as black light, then fixed with varnish and then copied by photoengraving on metal playback cylinders. This is similar to the method used by Edison machines.
In 1888 Berliner found a simple way to record sound by using a disc. Within a few years he has successfully marketed technology for enterprise toys. However, he hopes to develop the devices more than a mere toy.
In 1827, Sir Charles Wheatstone had developed a microphone. He was the first person to create a "phrase microphone." Further, in 1876, Emile Berliner created the first microphone used as a voice-transmitter. The first commercial microphone was the first carbon microphone discovered in October 1876 by Thomas Alfa Edison. , David Edward Hughes also took part in the development of the carbon microphones. The carbon microphones were under development until the 1920s.
Berliner who suffered from neurological disorders in 1914, was also active in the advocacy of public health improvement and sanitation. Berliner was awarded the Franklin Institute's John Scott Medal in 1897, then the Elliott Cresson Medal in 1913 and the Franklin Medal in 1929. Emile Berliner died of a heart attack at age 78 and was buried at Rock Creek Cemetery in Washington, DC, with his wife and a son. (en.wikipedia)
Belum ada Komentar untuk "Who Invented The Disc Record Gramophone? History Of Disc Record Gramophone - Biography of Emile Berliner"